Born in Suwałki in 1926. Film and theatre director. Studies: Cracow Academy of Fine Arts (1946-1949);State Drama and Film College, Direction Department in Łódź, graduated 1953. Chairman of Association of Polish Film Artists (1977-1982). Member of „Solidarność" since 1980,member of Lech Wałęsa council (1982-1989); senator (1989-1990).
Since 1994, member of Institut de France in Paris.In 1982 awarded the French Legion d’Honneur Officier; 2001 Legion d’Honneur Commandeur and the German Grosse Bundesverdienstkreuz. Doctor honoris causa of universities, among others in Washington, Bologna, Lyon, Brussels, Moscow and the Jagellonian University in Cracow