How many Jewish tombstones stood before the war in the twelve hundred Jewish cemeteries in Poland? Maybe several hundred thousand, or maybe several million. Over four hundred Jewish cemeteries did not survive. They were turned into housing estates, playing fields, waste dumpsites, one of them into the sand mine..

During the war the German occupants paved with tombstones the yards of taken over buildings, hardened roads, put walls made of them. After the war the Poles erected monuments from these tombstones, hardened the railway embankment and the river shore. They built of them the stoves, floors, pavement curbs.

In Polish villages one can find hundreds grinders made of Jewish tombstones. In the cities – walls or pavements. You can still see Hebrew writings on them. Łukasz Baksik’s photos document these unusual, disturbing pictures.




Łukasz Baksik (born 1975) – a photographer interested in social and documentary photography. The author of the album and exhibition “Matzevot For Everyday Use” documenting the ways of using the Jewish tombstones and a building material (Czarne Publishing House; 2012, Centre for Contemporary Art Ujazdowski Castle in Warsaw, 2010; Ethnographic Museum in Kraków, 2011; National Historical Museum of Belarus in Minsk, 2012). In all his photographical projects, such as “Main Course Polish Style”, “Ordering a beer”, “The People of Nowy Square”, the social aspect is the main issue.


We have the pleasure to invite you to the meeting with Łukasz Baksik on Wednesday, 24 April at 18.30 in the foyer of Muranów cinema. The meeting will be led by Agata Kowalska.


Czarne Publishing House is the partner of this event.

Sponsor of the exhibition – Shalom Foundation





Sponsor of the exhibition: Shalom Foundation




Czarne Publishing House is the partner of this event.


formularz regulamin logo polski

Ta witryna używa plików cookie. Korzystają…c ze strony wyrażasz zgodę™ na używanie plików cookie, zgodnie z aktualnymi ustawieniami przeglądarki.